Addressing the Reality of Domestic Violence Against Men

It happens more than you think.

COVID-19 has raised the awareness of many issues that have not been brought to the forefront in the past. One of them is domestic violence against men.

Family violence is a problem that many organizations, therapists, law enforcement agencies, and others have been working to combat and hope to eliminate.

However, due to the need to address the more widely reported abuse toward women and children, violence toward men is an aspect of the tragedy that goes largely unnoticed. Also, for many reasons, men experiencing abuse at home often never report abuse.

7 Heartbreaking Reasons Why People Stay Abusive Relationships

The resources for men who are in abusive relationships are growing, but society generally doesn’t think of men being in this type of situation. Men are usually physically larger and stronger than their female spouses, so society has not completely accepted that the “fairer” sex can be the offending party.

Stereotyping is not fair to either sex because each situation needs to be evaluated on its own merit. However, it happens and is often embarrassing for a man to admit that his wife is engaging in demeaning behavior.

Men are often viewed as the head of the household and the person in ultimate charge of the family.

Behind closed doors, there may be a different reality. A raging wife who demands control and uses her dominant personality to take advantage of her husband is just as guilty as a man who does the same to his wife.

Many abused men are like women in similar situations. They just try to deal with the reality that their home life isn’t perfect.

Men may have the added issue of being doubted when they report threatening behavior in their relationship. Furthermore, the stigma associated with ending a

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Brain plasticity in drug addiction: Burden and benefit – Harvard Health Blog

The human brain is the most complex organ in our body, and is characterized by a unique ability called neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity refers to our brain’s ability to change and adapt in its structural and functional levels in response to experience. Neuroplasticity makes it possible for us to learn new languages, solve complex mathematical problems, acquire technical skills, and perform challenging athletic skills, which are all positive and advantageous for us. However, neuroplasticity is not beneficial if we develop non-advantageous learned behaviors. One example of non-advantageous learning is habitual drug misuse that can lead to addiction.

Our brain learns to respond to drugs of abuse

Our first decision to use a drug may be triggered by curiosity, circumstances, personality, and stressful life events. This first drug exposure increases the release of a molecule (neurotransmitter) called dopamine, which conveys the feeling of reward. The increased changes in dopamine levels in the brain reward system can lead to further neuroplasticity following repeated exposure to drugs of abuse; these neuroplasticity changes are also fundamental characteristics of learning. Experience-dependent learning, including repeated drug use, might increase or decrease the transmission of signals between neurons. Neuroplasticity in the brain’s reward system following repeated drug use leads to more habitual and (in vulnerable people) more compulsive drug use, where people ignore the negative consequences. Thus, repeated exposure to drugs of abuse creates experience-dependent learning and related brain changes, which can lead to maladaptive patterns of drug use.

Views on addiction: Learning and disease

A recent learning model proposed by Dr. Marc Lewis in New England Journal of Medicine highlights the evidence of brain changes in drug addiction, and explains those changes as normal, habitual learning without referring to pathology or disease. This learning model accepts that drug addiction is disadvantageous, but believes it is a natural and

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